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Breast Cancer qBiomarker Copy Number PCR Array
Gain in ER+ Tumors:AURKA.
Inflammatory Breast Cancer:ERBB2, MTDH, MYC, PTK2, RB1.
Lapatinib Sensitivity:CDKN2A, EGFR, ERBB2.
AKT & PI-3-Kinase Signaling:AKT1, PPAPDC1B, PTEN.
Cell Adhesion & Cytoskeleton:CSMD1, PAK1, PTK2.
Cell Cycle:AURKA, BCL2L1, CCND1, CDK4, CDKN2A, RB1.
DNA Repair:C11orf30 (EMSY), TOP2A.
Receptor Tyrosine Kinases:EGFR, ERBB2, FGFR1, FGFR2.
Transcription Factors and Co-Factors:MTDH, MYC, NCOA3, RB1, TFDP1.
The Copy Number PCR array is a set of optimized real-time PCR primer assays on 96-well, 100-tube or 384-well plates for measuring changes in copy number. The PCR array performs copy number analysis with real-time PCR sensitivity and the multi-loci profiling capability of a microarray. Simply mix the genomic DNA sample with the appropriate ready-to-use PCR master mix, aliquot equal volumes to each well of the same plate, and then run the real-time PCR cycling program. (Download user manual)
The procedure involves isolating genomic DNA (QIAGEN QIAamp DNA Mini Kit or FFPE Tissue Kit is recommended), qPCR detection on qBiomarker Copy Number PCR Arrays or Assays, and data analysis (using the qBiomarker Copy Number Data Analysis). An optional DNA sample quality control step immediately before the detection array or assay setup allows the user to qualify the DNA samples.
Why qBiomarker Copy Number Arrays?
Layout and Controls: The PCR Arrays are available in both 96-, 384-well plates and 100-well discs and are used to measure the copy number of 23 or 95 genes related to a disease state or pathway. Each gene/locus-specific assay is repeated in technical quadruplicate as indicated in the figure above. As an example, the first gene in the array is measured in wells A1, C1, E1 and G1. The qBiomarker Multicopy Reference Assay (MRef) is used to normalize the data for differences in the amounts of genomic DNA. The Multicopy Reference Assay is shown in purple in the above figure in wells B12, D12, F12, and H12.
You can easily perform a Copy Number PCR Array experiment in your own laboratory, or send your samples to us and take advantage of our PCR Array Services.
*: when using qBiomarker SYBR® Green Mastermix.
qBiomarker Multicopy Reference Assay
RNaseP gene is not suitable as a normalizer of sample input in cancer cell line DNA samples. The absolute average copy numbers of RNaseP per normal genome copy amount of DNA were determined in two breast cancer cell line (SKBR3 and MCF7) genomic DNAs with the delta delta Ct method, using QIAGEN multi-copy reference assay as the normalization control of DNA input. The absolute copy number of RNaseP per normal genome in the genomic DNA is assumed to be 2.
Universal Nature of Multicopy Reference Assay
Stable Performance of the Multicopy Reference (MRef) Assay in 129 DNAs from 9 Major Human Populations. The qBiomarker multi-copy reference assay (MRef) and a qBiomarker copy number assay for RB1 were tested against DNAs from 129 healthy individuals from 9 major ethnic populations. Each assay and DNA sample combination was run in quadruple reactions. Delta CT between the average CT of the MRef assay and the RB1 assay was calculated for each individual DNA. The average delta Ct for samples within each ethnic population is plotted. Error bars show the standard deviation of the delta CT within each ethnic population. The RB1 gene is assumed to be present at 2 copies in all healthy individual DNAs.
Application DataAneuploidy Study
qBiomarker Copy Number Assays accurately identify aneuploidy. qBiomarker Copy Number Assays designed to target AR and MECP2 were tested against 4 cell line DNAs containing 1 copy (XY, Coriell NA13619), 2 copies (XX, Coriell NA01921), 3 copies (XXX, Coriell NA03623) and 4 copies (XXXX, Coriell NA11226) of X-chromosome. Chromosomal aberrations had been previously identified by cytogenetic methods. A control assay, targeting a stable, multi-copy region in the human genome, was used to normalize the amount of DNA input. ΔΔCT method was used to calculate the gene copy number, using XX (Coriell NA01921) as a 2-copy reference. Each assay was tested against each sample in quadruple replicate reactions, and a t-test was performed.